Crayfish
Crayfish

Red Swamp Crayfish 

Red Swamp Crayfish, Procambarus clarkia

Region of Origin: SE United States
Habitat: Freshwater lakes, marshes, ponds and streams; prefer slow moving waters
Current Range: Present on every continent except for Australia and Antarctica
Life Span: 3-5 years in the wild

A popular aquaculture and bait species, this highly adaptable crayfish spells trouble outside its native range. Populations grow rapidly and their burrowing habit significantly alters new environments by changing habitat structure and increasing sedimentation. These changes can make it difficult for native species to compete and can even encourage other invaders that are more able to tolerate the newly disturbed conditions. Trapping is the most practical way of capturing crayfish, though netting can also be used. Crayfish resemble lobsters, but they are smaller and have narrower claws. Their flavor is similar, but crayfish meat is sweeter and more tender than lobster. They are opportunists when it comes to eating meat, so bait your traps with fish or chicken and you’ll be sure to attract dinner.

Crayfish Recipes

Boiled Crayfish

Boiled Crayfish

Recipe by Minnesota Sea Grant

1 large onion cut into wedges
2 oz. red pepper
2 lemons cut into wedges
2 stalks of celery
1 lb. salt
1 head of garlic, peeled and sectioned
5 gallons of water
6 ears of corn, cut into thirds
8-10 small red potatoes

Wash 8 pounds of live crayfish. Prepare the boiling water as follows: put 5 gallons of water in a 10-gallon pot. Bring the water to a boil and add all ingredients except crayfish, corn, and potatoes.

Boil for about 15 minutes to extract the flavors. Add 8 to 10 washed small red potatoes. Return to a boil. After 10 minutes, add 6 ears of sweet corn broken into thirds and the live crayfish. Return to boil and cook for 10 minutes. Crayfish will float to the top of the water when done. Turn off heat and let soak. The longer the soak, the spicier the flavor. Sample potatoes, corn, and crayfish to check flavor. Five minutes is a typical soak time. Remove crayfish, potatoes and corn from water, drain and serve. A basket that fits inside the pot will make removing and draining easier. Serves 4.

To boil another batch in the same water, add more salt and red pepper and repeat the process. Water can be boiled outdoors over an open fire or indoors on the stove top.

A note from Louisiana: You can add just about anything you want at the time you add the corn in crayfish. Here in Louisiana, we’ve been known to add whole onions, whole mushrooms, asparagus, hot dogs, sausage links, broccoli, cauliflower, and just about anything else you can think of that will absorb that incredible spicy flavor! Also, here in Louisiana, we refer to crayfish as “crawfish” and often turn a crawfish boil into a party for family and friends where we do boils in large pots that will hold 20 pounds or more and often do at least 2 boils in the same pot in the same day, especially in the Summer months.

Swedish Kräftor (Dill Crayfish)

Swedish Kräftor (Dill Crayfish)

Recipe by Minnesota Sea Grant

2 lbs. crayfish, about 25-30
2-½ quarts water
Lots of dill, preferably the crowns
1/3 cup + 1 tablespoon coarse salt
1 lump sugar

Combine water, dill, salt and sugar in a very large pot. Cover and bring to a boil. Meanwhile, check crayfish, making sure that all are alive. Rinse under cold water. Drop crayfish into briskly boiling dill-water and cover at once. Bring to boil again and cook 7 minutes from the time the water starts boiling. Let cool in cooking water. Place in refrigerator overnight, still in water. When ready to serve, pour off cooking water and remove soggy dill. Arrange crayfish attractively on a large platter and garnish with crowns of fresh dill.

Serve with hot buttered toast, Swedish spiced caraway cheese, and perhaps with well-chilled aquavit or beer. These, plus a lot of good cheer and songs are vital ingredients for a Swedish crayfish party. Serves 3 to 4 people.

Crayfish Jambalaya

Crayfish Jambalaya

Recipe by Minnesota Sea Grant

1 lb. (2-½ cups) cooked and peeled crawfish meat
¼ cup crawfish fat (optional)
1 tablespoon flour
2 tablespoons salad oil
1 cup onion, chopped fine
1-½ cups water
2-½ teaspoons salt
½ teaspoon black pepper
½ cup green onion pepper
½ cup parsley (2 teaspoons dehydrated)
½ cup celery, chopped
½ cup bell pepper, chopped
1-1/8 cups rice-uncooked (long grain)

Brown flour in oil until a golden brown. Add onions. Stir constantly until onions are almost cooked. Add 1-½ cups cold water and simmer for ½ hour.

Add crawfish tails and fat; cook until crawfish turns pink. Add about 2 cups less 2 tablespoons water and bring to a boil. When water is rapidly boiling, add remainder of ingredients. Stir to blend and cook on low heat, covered for about ½ hour or until rice is tender.

Five minutes before serving, using a 2 prong fork, fluff up jambalaya so rice will have a tendency to fall apart. Serves 4 to 5 people.

Crayfish Stuffed Piquillo Peppers

Crayfish Stuffed Piquillo Peppers

Recipe by Chef Matt Bennett, Sybaris Bistro

1 lb. cooked crayfish, chopped
1 cup celery, chopped fine
3 bunches green onion, chopped fine
Zest and juice of one lemon
¾ cup mayonnaise, preferably home-made
Piquillo peppers, drained
1 lb. cooked crayfish, chopped
1 cup celery, chopped fine
3 bunches green onion, chopped fine
Zest and juice of one lemon
¾ cup mayonnaise, preferably home-made
Piquillo peppers, drained

Combine everything except peppers. Stuff into the peppers and chill..

Crayfish Etouffét​

Crayfish Etouffét​

Recipe by Minnesota Sea Grant

6 tablespoons butter
2 cups onion, chopped
2 medium garlic cloves, minced (½ teaspoon)
2 tablespoons green pepper, chopped
¼ cup celery, chopped
1 lb. (2-½ cups) cooked and peeled crawfish meat
1/8 teaspoon red pepper
1-¼ teaspoons salt
¼ teaspoon black pepper
2 tablespoons green onion tops, chopped fine
2 tablespoons parsley, minced (1 teaspoon dehydrated)

Melt butter in iron skillet or heavy pot. SautŽ onions, garlic, green pepper and celery until onions are clear. Add 1/8 cup water and simmer covered until vegetables are tender (about 15 minutes). Add crawfish and other seasonings. Cook 15 minutes. Add green onion tops and parsley and cook 5 minutes for seasoning to blend. Serve with hot steamed rice. Serves 4 to 5 people.

Fried Crayfish Tails

Fried Crayfish Tails

​​Recipe by Minnesota Sea Grant

1 egg, beaten
¼ cup evaporated milk
½ teaspoon prepared mustard
3/4 teaspoon salt
¼ teaspoon pepper
¼ teaspoon garlic powder
1 cup flour
½ cup cornmeal
½ teaspoon baking powder
1 lb. large cooked and peeled crawfish tails
In a bowl beat the egg, add the milk, prepared mustard, salt, pepper, and garlic powder. Mix well. In another bowl, sift the flour, cornmeal and baking powder together and stir well to blend ingredients.

Dip the crawfish tails in the egg-milk mixture, one at a time. Let drain a little then dip in cornmeal-flour mixture. Put on a plate until you have enough to fry. Drop in deep hot fat (390-400¡F) and cook until golden brown. Drain on paper towels. Serve hot with catsup or tartar sauce.

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